While many say Latin is a dead language, the Latin vocabulary and its influence live on in English and many other dialects throughout the world. Many English words have their roots in Latin, and many scholars claim that you can dramatically improve your vocabulary (and your performance on the SAT's and other tests that have a vocabulary component) by learning Latin. In addition, certain fields, such as the law, make heavy use of Latin terms. For the Latin novice, here is a list of some Latin vocabulary words that might be useful.
List of Latin Vocabulary Words:
abbas abbatis : father
abduco : to take away
adduco: to lead,
aegresco egresco : to fall ill, to become troubled.
bardus: slow, dull.
benevolentia: benevolence, good will.
benigne: kindly, generously.
brevis: short, brief.
caelum: sky, heaven.
calamitas: calamity, disaster.
capto: to grab, try to get,
caput capitis : head, summit, top
carmen : poem, song
comminuo: to scatter, weaken, damage.
comminus: in close combat.
commisceo: to intermingle, join, mix.
commissum: undertaking, that which is entrusted.
decerno : to decide, to settle.
defaeco: to cleanse, to purify
degusto : to taste.
deinde: next, thereafter,
delectatio: delight, enjoyment.
dormio: to sleep, nap, siesta,
dux ducis : leader, general, commander, duke.
eminus: from a distance.
epistula : letter, message.
eventus: consequence, result, experience.
exerceo: to train, to exercise, to practice.
exspecto: to look for, to await
exstinguo: to extinguish, to put out.
extremus: last, extreme.
exulto: to exult, be joyful.
facio: to sacrifice, to help, be of service.
fides: promise, engagement, word of honor,
flamma: flame, fire.
frigus: cold, winter, indolence.
fusus: spread out, wide, extend.
gaudium: joy, happiness, delight
gloria : fame, glory.
gusto: to taste.
gravatus: sick, ill.
gravis: heavy, serious, important, grievous.
gravitas: weight, importance.
hodiernus: of today.
hora: hour, time.
ictus: blow, bite, thrust.
idoneus: proper, fitting, capable.
igitur: therefore, consequently
ignavus: lazy, inert, sluggish, a coward.
ignoro: to be ignorant of, to not know, to neglect, to overlook.
ignosco: forgive, pardon.
ignotus: unknown, obscure, ignorant,
imitor: to imitate.
inceptum: beginning, attempt
incorruptus: genuine, pure.
investigo: to track down, to investigate.
juvenis: youth, young man,
labor laboris : labor, work,
lacesso : to harass, to attack.
lego: to gather, choose, collect
leto: to kill,
libero: to liberate, set free.
ligo: to bind
lima: polishing, revision.
lingua: language, speech.
lino: to smear, to dirty.
linteum: linen, napkin.
liquidus: fluid, liquid, clear, certain
litigo: to quarrel, to have a dispute.
ludio ludius : actor, player
ludo lusi lusum : to play, to imitate
ludus: game, sport
lues: pestilence, calamity.
lux lucis : light.
luxuria: luxury, opulence.
macto: to magnify, honor, punish, afflict.
maero: to grieve, sorrow.
mare maris : sea.
mater matris : mother
materia: material, matter.
matertera: maternal aunt.
memoria: memory, remembrance, recall
missa: holy mass
mundus: world, universe.
natio: nation, people.
nefas : wrong, sin.
nego: to deny.
novitas: newness, novelty
novo : to make anew, refresh, invent.
obligatus: under an obligation.
offero: to bring forward, place before, present, offer, expose.