Both Scottish and Irish Gaelic are still active and living languages; however, their importance relates more to their cultural and historical significance than on the number of people who speak them.
Linguistically, Scottish Gaelic and Irish Gaelic are closely related, but speakers of one language are not likely to understand the language of the other. Additionally, there are distinct dialects spoken. For example, there are three dialects of Irish Gaelic:
Today, there are approximately 60,000 speakers of Scottish Gaelic and roughly the same number of Irish Gaelic speakers. Both languages are currently in decline, as every successive generation produces fewer fluent speakers. The active regions of Scottish Gaelic are primarily in the northern most regions of Scotland, whereas Irish Gaelic is mostly concentrated in the western parts of the republic.