We tend to envision children's books as simple picture books. But, that's really just a starting point to further imaginings. Children's book categories are much more than that.
Within these age ranges, we find various genres to enjoy. Let's take a look at a list of children's book types.
This genre is based on a real person, not a fictional character. In it, children will learn about a person's life, usually from birth to death. Or, it will center upon a prominent portion of their life. What makes this genre special is that it often contains copies of handwritten letters, journal entries, and personal quotes.
Here are some examples of popular children's biography books, according to Goodreads:
The Watcher: Jane Goodall's Life with the Chimps by Jeanette Winter (Ages 4-8)
Miss Moore Thought Otherwise: How Anne Carroll Moore Created Libraries for Children by Jan Pinborough (Ages 6-9)
On a Beam of Light: A Story of Albert Einstein by Jennifer Berne (Ages 6-9)
Radiant Child: The Story of Young Artist Jean-Michel Basquiat by Javaka Steptoe (Ages 6-9)
Some Writer!: The Story of E.B. White by Melissa Sweet (Ages 7-10)
Fantasy books are set in lands that do not exist (to our knowledge). These are imaginative worlds created entirely from an author's imagination. Here, we might meet a time-traveling kid who explores the year 9545 or a child whose best friend is an alien from planet Kismelt.
In children's fantasy books, the settings will usually be fanciful and colorful. They will take little learners off to far and distant (make-believe) lands. In these books, readers will often meet characters with human-like qualities that aren't quite human.
Here's Goodreads' list of the best children's fantasy books:
The Chronicles of Narnia by C.S. Lewis (Ages 8+)
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory by Roald Dahl (Ages 8-12)
Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone by J.K. Rowling (Ages 9-12)
A Wrinkle in Time by Madeleine L'Engle (Ages 10-14)
The Neverending Story by Michael Ende (Ages 10+)
Science fiction, often referred to as sci-fi, deals with imaginative concepts like aliens, exploration, technology, and time travel. This genre likes to explore "what if" scenarios. We enter into worlds where aliens roam free, kids put on their space helmets and explore uncharted planets, and families are transported through time.
This genre is fanciful and can open the readers' minds to scientific discovery. Perhaps they'll ponder a world where time machines exist. Interestingly, a lot of this genre is rooted in some sort of scientific truth. It just takes things to a new level as children explore futuristic settings and imaginary universes.
The Best of Sci-Fi Books ranks the top 25. Here are five picks for every age:
Boy and Bot by Ame Dyckman and Dan Yaccarino (Ages 2-5)
If You Decide to Go to the Moon by Faith Mcnulty and Steven Kellogg (Ages 4-8)
Aliens for Breakfast by Stephanie Spinner and Jonathan Etra (Ages 6-9)
Zita the Spacegirl by Ben Hatke (Ages 8-12)
The Little Prince by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry (Ages 12+)
Folklore has a touch of a fantasy element to it. We might meet characters with human-like qualities that aren't quite human, such as fairies and leprechauns. However, folklore is rooted in cultural heritage. This includes traditional myths, legends, fables and fairy tales of old.
This genre is so old, it predates the printing press. Ancient mythological tales were told through oral tradition. That is, they weren't written down, rather, people would gather together and listen to stories that they would later tell to others. As the stories passed down from generation to generation, they were eventually recorded into the folklore and fairy tales we know today.
Goodreads lists these among the most popular folklore children's books:
The First Strawberries by Joseph Bruchac (Ages 3-5)
The Snow Queen by Hans Christian Andersen (Ages 4-8)
The Gift of the Crocodile: A Cinderella Story by Judy Sierra (Ages 4-8)
Saint George and the Dragon by Margaret Hodges (Ages 6-9)
Golem by David Wisniewski (Ages 10-12)
Fantasy, science fiction, and folklore are all members of the fiction family tree. The broader fiction genre includes stories that may not be real, but certainly could be real. They're the tales of children and their classroom pals or the adventures of kids and their faithful puppy.
So, they're possible events but they still stem from the author's imagination. They're set in "real" places and times and allow readers to dip into the lives of others, even if they don't technically exist.
Within fiction, you'll find several subgenres. A popular subgenre is historical fiction. In these novels, the characters lived in a real place and time. However, the story itself remains fabricated. For example, we might read a historical fiction novel of a soldier's daughter who lived during the Civil War. That's a real event and the dates and details should be historically accurate. But, perhaps this daughter dresses as a boy to join the army and see her father. This fictional tale will detail the realities of life at that time, while still falling within the realm of fiction.
As per Goodreads, popular children's fiction novels include:
The Secret Garden by Frances Hodgson Burnett (Ages 9+)
Holes by Louis Sachar (Ages 10+)
Charlotte's Web by E.B. White (Ages 8-12)
Matilda by Roald Dahl (Ages 8-12)
The Bad Beginnings (from A Series of Unfortunate Events) by Lemony Snicket (Ages 8-12)
This genre includes all books on science, math, history, and even the biographies we highlighted above. Nonfiction books contain real-world facts and information. They explain a certain concept or subject. For example, children might take a fancy to astronomy and read books about the solar system. Or, they might read about dinosaurs or present-day animals.
Bookbub is another well of inspiration for book recommendations. Here are their recommendations for children's nonfiction books:
Baby Loves Green Energy by Ruth Spiro (Ages 0-3)
Hidden Figures by Margot Lee Shetterly and Laura Freeman (Ages 4-5)
Worst of Friends by Suzanne Tripp Jurmain (Ages 6-8)
The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind: Young Readers Edition by William Kamkwamba and Bryan Mealer (Ages 9-11)
Yellow Star by Jennifer Roy (Ages 12-13)
Finally, books filled with children's poetry abound. Poetry includes rhythmic expressions expressing colorful images and emotions. Sometimes, poems tell complete stories. Other times, they simply relay feelings and emotions. Either way, they help young readers tap into their imagination and, hopefully, adopt a lifelong love of this artistic form of expression.
Barnes & Noble published a list of poetry books they think every child will love:
Color Me a Rhyme: Nature Poems for Young People by Jane Yolen, photography by Jason Stemple (Ages 4-6)
World Make Way: New Poems Inspired by Art from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Edited by Lee Bennett Hopkins (Ages 5-9)
Silver Seeds by Paul Paolilli and Dan Brewer, paintings by Steve Johnson and Lou Fancher (Ages 5-9)
Where the Sidewalk Ends: The Poems and Drawings of Shel Silverstein by Shel Silverstein (Ages 6-8)
Cricket in the Thicket: Poems about Bugs by Carol Murray, illustrated by Melissa Sweet (Ages 6-10)
Whatever your child is interested in, you can rest assured there are children's book genres and a wealth of books to satiate that interest. If you begin a daily routine that involves picture books, you just might find your son or daughter continuing that routine well into adulthood. Let the floodgates to learning open!