Parts of the Body for Kids: Names & Basic Functions

You know your head, shoulders, knees, and toes, but what are the other important body parts? Each large part of the body includes smaller body parts, which have different functions. Keep reading to learn body part names and basic functions of the parts of the body.

boy studying body part from poster boy studying body part from poster

Diagram of Body Parts

External, which means “outside,” describes the body parts that you can see. Take a look at a helpful diagram that labels major external body parts. Download the printable PDF to see it in more detail and print if needed.

parts of body worksheet

View & Download PDF

Parts of the Head and Neck

You can’t see all the parts of your head without a mirror, because your eyes are on your head too! Take a look at the external parts of the head, what they do, and where they’re located.

Body Part




front of the head

five senses; communicating emotions


top of the head (under hair)

cooling the head with sweat glands in the skin; protecting the skull with extra blood vessels


top of the face, above the eyes

forming facial expressions; protecting the eyes


below the head, above the shoulders

supporting the head’s weight; allowing the head to turn; sending messages from the brain to the rest of the body (vertebrae)


below the forehead, above the nose

sense of sight


below the nose

eating; talking; breathing; sense of taste


middle of the face

breathing; sense of smell; keeping out foreign particles (with nose hairs)


inside the mouth

sense of taste (with taste buds); talking (forming words); swallowing


just above the eye

protecting the eyes from foreign particles; enable eyes to close


on the edges of the eyelid

protecting the eyes from foreign particles


on either side of the head

sense of hearing; maintaining balance


on top of the scalp

regulating body temperature; protecting the scalp


top of the mouth (maxilla) and bottom of the mouth (mandible)

chewing; opening and closing the mouth; talking


inside the mouth

chewing food to be digested

Parts of the Arms

Each part of your arm has a specific function. Some parts help you bend, and others help you experience the sense of touch. And don’t forget the part that sets humans apart from most other animals: the opposable thumb!

Body Part




on either side of the torso

performing tasks with movement

upper arm

between shoulders and elbows

flexing the arm; connecting the lower arm to the shoulder


between elbows and wrists

flexing the wrist; connecting the arm to the wrist


joint between the upper arm and torso

connecting the upper arm to the torso; allowing the arm to rotate (range of motion); providing strength to the arm


joint between the upper arm and forearm

connecting the upper arm to the forearm; extending the arm; rotating the lower arm


joint between the forearm and hand

connecting the forearm to the hand; rotating the hand


joint between hand bones (carpals) and finger bones (phalanges)

connecting the fingers to the hand; allow fingers to bend and extend


end of the arm, connected to the wrist

fine motor skills (writing, pinching, gripping)


flat side of hand

helping with grip; sense of touch


end of hand

helping with grip; sense of touch; gesturing (pointing, hand signals, etc.)


end of finger

protecting nail beds from foreign particles; helping with grip


left or right side of the hand

helping with grip (opposable; can turn back against the other fingers)

Parts of the Legs

It’s easy to think that your legs are just the bottom half of your body, but they’re not. This list of body parts divides the legs into different sections according to location and function.

Body Part




below torso, above foot

keeping the body stable; walking; running; bending the body


top of leg, above the knee

allowing the leg to flex and move; supporting weight of the upper body


lower leg, under the knee

flexing the foot; stabilizing the ankle


joint between the thigh and shin

bending the leg; supporting weight of the upper body


joint between the foot and shin

rotating the foot; connecting the foot to the leg


bottom of the leg

walking; supporting body weight; propelling the body forward


end of the foot

providing balance while walking; distributing body weight


back of the foot

distributing body weight

Parts of the Torso

You’ve heard about “strengthening your core,” but what does it mean? Your core is the middle of your body where your arms and legs branch off. These are the external parts of your core and what they do for your body.

Body Part




middle of the body, between the neck and legs

stabilizing the body (posture); protecting internal organs; connecting the limbs (arms and legs) to the body


top of the torso

protecting lungs and heart; assisting in arm movement


middle of the torso

stabilizing the body; protecting internal organs

belly button

middle of the belly

connects a baby’s umbilical cord to its mother’s placenta before birth


back of the torso

stabilizing the body; protecting vertebrae, which send messages to the rest of the body


back of the torso, just above the legs

cushioning the body when sitting; assisting in hip and thigh movement


middle of torso

stabilizing the body; allowing the upper body to bend to the lower half


lower sides of torso

supporting body weight; helping with walking, sitting, and standing

Body Parts are Pieces in a Puzzle

These external body parts are easy to see on the average person. What’s harder to see are the different body systems working under the skin in each body part. Nerves, muscles, veins, bones – how do these body parts keep you going? Read about the different systems in the human body, made simple for kids.

Post a comment