Tagalog is the basis for Philipino, the official (national) language of the Philippines.
Tagalog is also spoken outside of the Philippines. Around twenty countries have a minority population of immigrants who speak Tagalog.
Being as widespread as Tagalog is, it bears some further resemblance to English in that it is a dynamic and rich language full of quixotic quirks and colorful slang.
Tagalog has borrowed much of its bones from other languages, primarily Spanish, Malay, Sanskrit, and Javanese, historically. Over 330 years of Spanish occupation of the Philippines made Spanish clergymen the custodians of the language for some time; but, now that it's on its own legs, it borrows where it can and must. These days, there are dialects adopting lingual shifts and tropes wherever geography has thrown them.
The alphabet has evolved into Roman, and if you know how to pronounce the vowels in Spanish, picking up a couple of Tagalog idioms can be a piece of cake.
Here is a short list of English words translated to Tagalog.
There are so many more words that we could translate, but it would take an entire lifetime to track down every single word and translate it for you, especially because new words come into existence so frequently with the rapid pace at which technology develops.
Fortunately, there are a number services, programs, and tools available for Tagalog to English online translation. Although the resources may not be as plentiful as some of the world's more prevalent languages, rest assured you can find a variety of available tools and services. Many human translators and translating companies offer free quotes online as well. YourDictionary offers a list of helpful resources on the Austronesian and Australian Languages Page, or check out a few of the resources listed below.